Ageing Process and Physiological Changes
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Physiological Changes due to Ageing and Role of Regular Exercise. – Gradually decrease. Old age is one such phase of the human life cycle in which the various organs and institutions of the body begin to lose functionality and efficiency. These symptoms of Ageing (old age) in a person are determined by his / her heredity and various environmental factors such as diet, yam, social and economic status, etc. In simple words, ageing is the process of slow changes in the body with increasing age. These changes in a person can usually be seen only after the age of 30 years.
Physiological Changes due to Ageing
Ageing has been proved by various studies that from 25 to 30 years of age, various physiological functions are at their peak (Peak). . After this, as the age increases, the functioning and efficiency of these institutions begin to decrease. Due to old age, the following physiological changes occur
(a) Decrease in vision and hearing capacity:
Due to increasing age Ageing, a person’s ability to see and hear is affected to a large extent. After the age of about 40 years, due to a reduction in the size of the pupil and the eyes are less flexible, the person has to face difficulty in seeing.
(b) A decrease in muscle strength:
Usually, during the age of 40 to 45 years, a person starts to decrease their muscle strength due to loss of muscle size.
(c) Body weight Decrease in body weight:
As a person progresses to old age, his debt requirements decrease. As the metabolic rate slows down, his body fat begins to decrease. Body weight starts to decrease.
(d) Changes in bone density:
After about 40 years of age, the density of bones starts to decrease due to a decrease in various minerals like calcium and phosphorus, etc. found in bones. Due to this, they are more likely to have osteoporosis and other bone-related diseases. At this time, the capacity of bearing bones also decreases. The length of the spine can also decrease as the joints of the spine become thinner.
(e) A decrease in capacity of lungs:
Lungs begin to decrease in functionality due to aging as well as a decrease in flexibility of lung tissue. Due to the weakening of the muscles of the ribs, the person’s ability to breathe deeply and leave also starts to decrease. In such a situation, the person gets tired quickly due to consuming less oxygen.
(f) Effect on the cardiovascular system:
With the end of old age or the onset of old age, cardiovascular performance begins to be affected. Heart muscle strength starts to decrease due to stroke volume, cardiac output Gaya blood circulation starts to decrease. Due to this, the blood pressure of the person also increases. As a result of this, the chances of heart disease in the person increases.
(g) Ghee’s physical activities slow down:
aging. Along with this, the physical activity of the person starts slowing due to an increase in reaction time. Due to the decrease in the amount of blood circulation, the person’s memory power also decreases.
(h) Digestion related problems ):
With increasing age, the production of acid, digestive enzymes, and saliva responsible for digestion in the stomach start decreasing. Due to this, a person starts having problems with digestive disorders, such as constipation and gas.
(i) Effect on Urinary Institute (Effect on the urinary system):
With increasing age, as the size and functionality of the anus decreases, the amount of blood purified by the rectum starts decreasing. Besides, the ability of the bladder is also affected due to which there is a problem of discarding the residual fluid (urine) from the body. The likelihood of urinary infections increases in old age.
(j) A decrease in flexibility:
As age increases, joints expand and ligaments begin to decrease in elasticity. Lack of elasticity has the greatest effect on the lower back of older persons, especially on the hips.
(k) Effect on taste and smell senses:
With aging, the number of taste buds of the person decreases, due to which they start to feel food tasteless. . This is the main reason for anorexia in older people. Besides, due to the decreasing age, the number of smell receptors present in the nose also decreases rapidly in their ability to smell. However, this decrease in smelling ability is often seen only after the age of 50 years. Based on the above-mentioned points, we can say that the arrival of old age brings with it many kinds of problems.
Role of Regular Exercise on the Ageing Process
Ageing is a process that cannot be stopped, although exercising regularly in time can slow down the process. In other words, by exercising regularly, many exercises can slow down the various physiological effects of ageing. There is no doubt that with regular physical exercises done regularly, the person remains healthy and healthy for a long time, due to which he can be protected from the possible diseases during old age.
Exercising regularly has the following benefits in old age
(a) Regular exercise increases the size of muscles
due to which it becomes more powerful and the rate slows down considerably. is. If the muscles are strong at the beginning of old age, due to old age they continue to have a weakness.
(b) Due to regular exercise
all the organs and institutions of the body remain more active and efficient for a long time
(c) Blood pressure levels
Remain normal due to regular exercise. Cholesterol levels in the blood are also normal due to increased blood pressure levels in rising um.
(d) Due to the persistence of bullying
the chances of cardiovascular diseases are reduced.
(e) The digestive system of the body works smoothly
Which in turn reduces the chances of indigestion, constipation, gas, and other digestive diseases.
(f) Body weight is controlled by exercising.
Due to proper body weight, the speed of the changes that cause degeneration in the body decreases.
(g) Decreases the chances
Modern lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and many types of cancer.
(g) Lung wall suppleness
due to which lung function is maintained. And the elasticity of ligaments decreases, due to which the elasticity persists.
(h) Exercise reduces
the level of stress-causing hormones in the body.